Small molecule docking in YASARA
YASARA Structure provides everything you need to dock ligands with proteins at the touch of a button. Three different approaches are available now,
a fourth one is planned for future release:
Autodock is a highly cited docking program developed at the
Scripps Research Institute
by Dr. Garrett M. Morris et al. . YASARA Structure includes a tuned derivative of the original Autodock,
which provides a number of advantages:
- Docking at the touch of a button: select ligand, receptor and go.
- Possibility to interactively place the simulation cell around the active site to focus docking on the most important region.
- Possibility to interactively fix certain internal degrees of freedom of the ligand to perform anything from rigid to flexible docking.
- Automatic typing of ligands, assignment of pH dependent bond orders and hydrogen atoms.
- Semi-empirical QM calculations to assign high-quality RESP-like AutoSMILES charges, which are further tuned for maximum compatibility with the Autodock scoring function.
- Automatic ligand structure analysis to determine the core fragment and its flexible attachments.
- Consideration of receptor flexibility via automatic generation of a receptor ensemble with alternative high-scoring solutions of the side-chain rotamer network.
- Keep selected active-site residues flexible during docking.
- Parallel docking: make full use of today's multi core CPUs by docking on 16 cores in parallel.
- Interruptible docking: run on your notebook, exit YASARA and continue docking next day.
- Easy result analysis: concise docking report, all ligand conformers superposed and sorted by binding energy, interactive docking result player.
Approach 2: VINA
VINA (Vina Is Not Autodock) has also been developed at the Scripps Research Institute, by different authors,
Dr. Oleg Trott and Dr. Arthur J. Olson . It is tightly related to the original AutoDock,
so everything written above also applies to VINA (with one exception: interruptible docking is currently not supported,
but also not really needed due to VINA's significantly higher performance).
Fleksy is a program for flexible and induced fit docking developed at Schering-Plough/Merck by Dr. Sander Nabuurs
Pivotal to Fleksy is the use of a receptor ensemble to describe protein flexibility. To construct these ensembles,
Fleksy uses YASARA's backbone-dependent rotamer library
and implements the concept of interaction sampling. The latter allows the evaluation of different orientations of ambivalent interaction partners. The docking stage consists of an ensemble-based soft-docking experiment using FlexX-Ensemble,
followed by an effective flexible receptor-ligand complex optimization using YASARA. Fleksy produces a set of receptor-ligand complexes ranked using a consensus scoring function combining docking scores and force field energies. Averaged over three cross-docking datasets,
containing 35 different receptor-ligand complexes in total, Fleksy reproduces the observed binding mode within
2.0 A for 78% of the complexes.
Fleksy builds on functions provided by YASARA Structure and FlexX
(so you need these two programs) and is distributed and supported directly by Dr. Nabuurs,
visit the Fleksy homepage here
Approach 4: YASARA Dock
YASARA's own docking module is currently under development,
any news will be posted here.
R E F E R E N C E S
 Automated Docking Using a Lamarckian Genetic Algorithm and and Empirical Binding Free Energy Function
Morris GM, Goodsell DS, Halliday RS, Huey R, Hart WE, Belew RK and Olson AJ
(1998), J.Comput.Chem. 19,1639-1662
 AutoDock VINA: improving the speed and accuracy of docking with a new scoring function,
efficient optimization and multithreading
Trott O, Olson AJ (2010),
J.Comput.Chem. 31, 455-461
 A flexible approach to induced fit docking
Nabuurs SB, Wagener M and de Vlieg J (2007), Journal of Medicinal Chemistry